What is the Kashmir Issue?
Many people to see it That Kashmir conflict is a regional conflict primarily between Pakistan and India. The conflict started after the partition of Pakistan in 194. As a difference over the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir and escalated into three wars between India and Pakistan. China has additionally been involved in the conflict in an exceedingly third party role. Both India and Pakistan claim the entirety of the form of a former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. India controls approximately 55% of the land area of the region and70% of its population; Pakistan controls the remaining 15%. India administers Jammu, the geographical area valley, Ladakh, and the Siachen Glacier. Pakistan administers Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan.
The state of Jammu and geographical area ought to have acceded to West Pakistan owing to its Muslim majority population and geographical location, however, this didn’t happen when Maharaja Hari Singh seek military assistance from India to resist the Pakistani tribe’s attacks and ultimately signed the ‘Instrument of Accession’ with India. Eventually, Indian forces intervened and captured the state of Jammu and geographical area. From that day Kashmir dispute has been the core issue between each Pakistan and India, which also had unbroken the safety of entire South Asia at stake as a result of their extensive nuclear capability.
So, the geographical area issue has been a significant issue from the day of independence, resulted in 3 wars, numerous conflicts between India and Pakistan and severely rigid diplomacy. The international organization council had tried to resolve the dispute by declaring that the accession of Jammu and geographical area to India or Asian nation ought to be determined through the democratic method by holding a free and fair vote but India had rejected any mediation which opposed its claim concerning Kashmir.
Kashmir’s strategic importance lies within the undeniable fact that its borders meet with China and Afghanistan and is also near to Russia. Almost all the rivers which flow through Pakistan, originate from Kashmir, that’s why both the countries ignore stepping back call for of this territory.
The failure of diplomacy to resolve the Kashmir issue attracted international and regional attention thereto.
After the wars of 1948, 1962 and 1965, determined efforts were made to resolve this issue.
In 1948, the United Nations became deeply involved but India didn’t show resilience.
After the India-China border War of 1962, there were intense but fruitless American and British efforts to bridge a gap between India and Pakistan.
The end of 1965 warsaw Soviet Union as a regional peacemaker. The Soviets did manage to push a pacification at Tashkent, but this could not establish peace in the region and soon Indian involvement in East Pakistan led to her separation in 1970-71.
The most consistent feature of country influence on the Kashmir problem has been its ineffectualness.
Besides conflict rivalries, both the United States and the Soviet Union have played significant, often parallel and cooperative roles in the subcontinent.
Both Washington and the capital of the Russian Federation made many inconclusive efforts to mediate the dispute or create its peaceful resolution but were distrustful of anything more.
It took the 1990 crisis with its nuclear dimension, to bring the United States back to the region.
The Soviet Union, the United States and China have different policies towards the Kashmir dispute according to their own interests.
In the beginning, all of them showed neutrality but with the changing world’s politics and dimensions, they formulate their concerns regarding Kashmir. China‘s Kashmir policy has passed through different stages. In 1st phase, from 1949 to the 1960s, China avoided siding with either India or Pakistan; instead, it favored a resolution of the issue through peaceful settlements and also opposed the role of the United Nations and U. S. to mediate Kashmir issue.
The second section started from the early 1960s and lasted till 1970.
Sino-Indian border war of 1962 started hostility between the Republic of India and China resulted in shut relations with Asian countries.
China stood by the Asian nation on Kashmir issue with firm support for the right of self-determination.
But in the Seventies, China adopted a neutral policy on Kashmir issue as its relations were normal with India; this was reflected during Kargil conflict and Indo-Pak military possible conflict in 2001-2.
The normal relations between India and Pakistan on Kashmir would bring benefits to u. s. Indo-Pak tensions are especially dangerous because they bring 2 nuclear states on the brink of war.
They divert Asian countries from fighting terrorists and militants on their own soils.
India and the Asian countries got to interact in combined bilateral talks on all vital problems.
Continuing tensions over Kashmir will weaken any initiative to bring stability to South Asia as well as bring about the risk of a nuclear war. It will be quite right by assuming that Kashmir is the root cause of a lot of the militancy in South Asia.
It is necessary for the international community to appreciate that peace and stability in South Asia will solely be bonded if all outstanding disputes between Pakistan and India, including the Kashmir
Dispute ought to be resolved as a result of the Asian nation has become a frontline state against the global War of the terrorist act.
The best solution of the Kashmir dispute could be the right of self-determination which should be given to Kashmiris in order to give them the right to decide to
Whom they want to accede.